vaccine eligibility checker button

To find where you can get a vaccine,
visit the Vaccine clinic finder.

To discuss any of these FAQs, your options or if you need further information, please call Positive Life NSW on (02) 9206-2177, 1800 245 677 (freecall outside metro) during business hours or email

1 Where can I go to find reputable information about the COVID-19 vaccines?

There are a number of trusted websites with accurate information about COVID-19 and the vaccines. To support you to stay informed, below is a short list of reputable websites where you can learn the latest news about COVID-19, details about the variety of COVID-19 vaccines, and other public health advice relating to people living with HIV in NSW.

2 Will the vaccine protect against future strains of the COVID-19 virus?

Currently there are four COVID-19 vaccines currently approved in Australia: Comirnaty (Pfizer), Spikevax (Moderna), Nuvaxovid (Novavax) and Vaxzevria (AstraZeneca).

As the coronavirus mutates, and as immunity wanes over time, booster shots are recommended. Scientists are working on new vaccines and continue to gather data on the protection provided by our current vaccines as the virus evolves.

3 Are COVID-19 vaccines safe for people living with HIV?

All vaccines offer the same benefits to people living with HIV as they do for anyone else within the general community. The COVID-19 vaccines under development or approved by regulators are safe for most healthy adults, including people living with HIV.

People living with HIV are at no greater risk from COVID-19 than anyone else.  All people living with HIV can safely take the vaccine when offered it.

4 Are people living with HIV at higher risk of poor health outcomes if diagnosed with COVID-19?

All people living with HIV who take antiretroviral treatment and have a CD4 count over 200 cells/µL, who are taking HIV treatment and have an undetectable viral load and no other underlying health conditions, are considered at no greater risk if diagnosed with COVID-19 than the general population.

People living with HIV who have underlying health conditions such as obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure appear to be at higher risk of becoming unwell or hospitalisation if diagnosed with COVID-19. This higher risk also applies to the general population with the same underlying health conditions as well.

People living with HIV with a CD4 count below 200 cells/µL, or who are not taking HIV treatment, or who have a detectable viral load may be at higher risk of severe COVID-19 illness if they contract COVID-19.

People living with HIV with a very low CD4 count (below 50 cells/µL) or who have had an opportunistic illness in the last six months should follow isolation practices under their doctor’s instructions and take extra precautions to prevent acquiring COVID-19.

People living with HIV are advised to take the same precautions as the general population:

  • wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds, or use a hand gel sanitiser with 60% alcohol
  • continue to use physical distancing, that is maintaining a distance of 1.5 metres between you and the next person
  • avoid touching your face (mouth, nose and eyes)
  • cover your nose and mouth with a disposable tissue or flexed elbow when you cough or sneeze
  • stay home and self-isolate from others in the household if you feel unwells

The Australasian Society for HIV, Viral Hepatitis and Sexual Health Medicine (ASHM) has recently consolidated the most up to date research about COVID-19 vaccines in regards to people living with HIV.

5 Will the COVID-19 vaccine have any negative interactions with my antiretroviral HIV medication?

People living with HIV have been included in most studies of the COVID-19 vaccine, although their numbers were relatively small. The COVID-19 vaccines have been found to be both effective and safe for most people living with HIV.

At this point we don’t have any long-term data or evidence-base, however what we do know about how the way that the vaccine works suggests that the chance of a negative reaction between the vaccine and any medication is extremely small. Taking antiretroviral HIV medication is not a reason to delay getting the COVID-19 vaccine, and there is no current evidence to suggest that the vaccine will be any less safe for people living with HIV.

6 Does the COVID-19 vaccine contain live COVID-19 virus?

No. None of the COVID-19 vaccines used in Australia contain a live virus that can cause COVID-19. You cannot get COVID-19 through the vaccine.

While the vaccines include an extremely small amount of genetic material from the virus which causes COVID-19, they are not alive and are safe for people living with HIV.

7 What are the potential side effects from the COVID-19 vaccine?

In Australia, the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) considers information about possible side effects as part of the approval process. Every medicine has potential side effects, and this is normal. Potential short term side effects include:

  • pain or redness at the injection site,
  • mild to moderate fever,
  • tiredness,
  • headache,
  • muscle aches,
  • and chills.

If these side effects occur, they might be more common after the second dose.

A small number of people may experience more severe side effects, although these are also temporary. After you receive the vaccine, you will be monitored for a short time for any adverse effects.

8 Is the COVID-19 vaccine free if I don’t have Medicare?

Yes. Both COVID-19 vaccines are free for everyone in Australia regardless of Medicare or visa status.

9 Where can I get the COVID-19 vaccine if I’m not eligible for Medicare?

If you’re not eligible for Medicare or don’t hold a Medicare card, you can still get a COVID-19 vaccine for free at respiratory clinics and other state-run vaccination clinics. GPs can only give the COVID-19 vaccine to people who hold a Medicare card.

To find out more information about where COVID-19 vaccines are available and how you can make a booking, please visit the Vaccine clinic finder or call the National Coronavirus and COVID-19 Vaccine Helpline on 1800 020 080.

10 Do I still need to have the COVID-19 vaccine, if I’ve already had COVID-19?

Yes. If you’ve been diagnosed with COVID-19, you are still eligible for the COVID-19 vaccine. Currently, there is little evidence that people who have recovered from COVID-19 have immunity from contracting COVID-19 a second time.

Currently, the COVID-19 vaccine will provide you with the best protection against COVID-19.

11 The Australian Government has updated its advice on the AstraZeneca vaccine. What does this mean for me?

There is a rare but potentially increased risk of thrombosis (blood clotting) with thrombocytopenia (low blood platelet count) in people aged under 59 years, with the AstraZeneca vaccine.  The Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation (ATAGI) recommends:

  • the COVID-19 Pfizer (Comirnaty) vaccine as the preferred vaccine for those aged 16 to 59 years, but the AstraZeneca vaccine can still be provided to people aged 18 to 59 years of age.
  • In outbreak areas, ATAGI now advises people under 60 years to consider having the AstraZeneca shot now, if the Pfizer vaccine is not available, especially if the benefits outweigh the risks for that person and they have made an informed decision based on the risks and benefit
  • People who have had the first dose of AstraZeneca without any serious adverse effects, can be given the second dose. This includes people aged under 60 years.

So, what does this mean for people living with HIV?

People living with HIV may wish to have a detailed discussion with their doctor about the risks and benefits of the AstraZeneca vaccine in line with current health advice, regardless of their age. If you are 50 years or below and still want the AstraZeneca vaccine, you can make an appointment through the Vaccine clinic finder.

12 How can I get proof that I’ve been fully vaccinated?

You can get a COVID-19 digital certificate or your immunisation history statement to show proof of your vaccinations. How you get proof will depend on your situation. This includes if you need to create a myGov account, link services or enrol in Medicare. Visit this page to find out more.

page updated: Thursday 23 June 2022

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