MPV is not characterised as a sexually transmissible infection (STI), but it can be shared through close contact, respiratory droplets or contact with clothing and materials used by someone who has MPV.
MPV symptoms include fever, malaise, headache, and sometimes a sore throat or cough, and swollen lymph glands.
MPV belongs to the same virus family as smallpox and is generally not severe. Lesions first begin in the mouth and can spread to the face, arms and legs. Lesions start as a rash that develops into papules, vesicles, then pustules, which crust and fall off.
While MPV can be treated with antiviral medications, there are no specific recommendations for people living with HIV, unless you are immunocompromised (CD4 count <200 cells/mm).
Most cases of MPV resolve within a few weeks without complications.
Am I at risk?
People who have recently travelled overseas to Europe, US and Africa should monitor for symptoms.
Anyone who has recently attended large dance or sex parties or saunas, especially in Europe, are also recommended to monitor for symptoms.
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